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Выпуск № 1 (2013 год)

И. Р. Тантлевский.   «Староновая» иудаика Санкт-Петербурга   Аннотация 184 kB download pdf
Russian C. Aslanov.   Northwest Semitic Structural Influences on Archaic Greek: a Reassessment    Аннотация 230 kB download pdf
А. В. Немировская.   К интерпретации библейского фрагмента Второзаконие 32:5   Аннотация 290 kB download pdf
Р. В. Светлов.   Библейский Тувал-Каин и платоновский софист   Аннотация    
Russian M. Pontoppidan.   Biblical Ethics and Plotinus   Аннотация 163 kB download pdf
Д. В. Ромашов.   Передача и трансформация раввинистических традиций об александрийцах   Аннотация 356 kB download pdf
A. Bikard.   Elia Levita and Teofilo Folengo: Creativity and Linguistic Freedom within the Genre of Chivalric Romance in Italy (ca. 1500–1530)   Аннотация 207 kB download pdf
В. Е. Кельнер.   «Их цели могут быть высоки, но они — не наши цели» (М. М. Винавер — антисионист)   Аннотация 215 kB download pdf
Russian D. E. Rozenson.   Isaac Babel: Cognitive Insider vs. Social Outsider as Seen through the Prism of His Writings and His 1920 Diary   Аннотация 230 kB download pdf
И. Дворкин.   Сущий и существующий. Преодоление метафизики у Когена, Хайдеггера и Левинаса   Аннотация 223 kB download pdf
В. В. Федченко.   Английская и идишская версии романа И. Б. Зингера «Враги. История одной любви»   Аннотация 180 kB download pdf
V. Chernin.   The Man Who Stood in the Breach in the Wall: Hebrew Language in Shimon Frug’s Poetry   Аннотация 163 kB download pdf
E. Bareket.   A Holy Community — the Terminology and Its Usage according to Genizah Letters of the 11th Century   Аннотация 174 kB download pdf
Hebrew U. Gershowitz.   Fourteenth Century Philosophical Commentary on the Sefer Ha-Bahir   Аннотация 185 kB download pdf
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Uri Gershowitz
Chais Center for Jewish Studies, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Fourteenth Century Philosophical Commentary on the Sefer Ha-Bahir

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The paper provides an overview and analysis of the philosophical commentary on Sefer Ha-Bahir written by fourteenth century thinker, R. Elijah ben Eliezer of Candia. This commentary was written in 1385, and remained in a single manuscript. Rationalistic thinkers, generally speaking, did not relate to Sefer ha-Bahir. Indeed, that R. Elijah ben Eliezer, who belonged to the rationalistic school, chose to interpret Sefer ha-Bahir is itself a rather surprising fact that calls for explanation. R. Elijah’s main concern in writing this commentary seems to have been a certain polemic need: R. Elijah attacks therein the Kabbalists, who found support for their views in Sefer ha-Bahir and interpreted it in a manner suitable to their positions and beliefs. According to R. Elijah, the Kabbalistic reading of Sefer ha-Bahir (which he referred to as Sefer Midrashim, a book of midrashim) is distorted, and the manner in which it is used is totally improper. R. Elijah’s interpretation is explicitly philosophical, belonging in this respect to the genre of philosophical interpretation of midrash and aggadah. R. Elijah’s method in interpreting Sefer ha-Bahir is that of the allegorical, philosophical exegesis of Rabbinic sayings, like that of Maimonides and his followers. According to this view, the Talmudic Sages are seen as expert in the various sciences, like the great philosophers, their sayings being interpreted as philosophical discourse concealed in poetic idiom and homiletics on Biblical verses. R. Elijah’s Commentary also displays influence of Samuel Ibn Tibbon’s Ma’amar Yikavu ha-Mayim.
 
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