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Выпуск № 1 (2013 год)

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Adel V. Nemirovskaya
St. Petersburg State University, Assistant Professor, Ph.D.

Further Considerations on Deuteronomy 32:5

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Keywords: Deuteronomy 32:5, Song of Moses, Masoretic text, lectio difficilior, ancient Biblical versions, emendations, exegesis
Deut. 32 enjoyed a long history of research presented in detail by P. Sanders. Since then its various verses have been still under consideration elsewhere, mainly in terms of textual criticism based on divergent evidence of the ancient versions of the Bible, i.e. Samaritan Pentateuch, Greek, Latin and Aramaic (targumic) versions, non-masoretic biblical texts from Qumran. Deut. 32:5 is the prime example. It took decades of broadly accepted hypercriticism, including BHS’s apparatus, until BHQ changed the perspective to recognizing MT as the original lectio difficilior and the ancient versions as the result of facilitation and exegetical interpretation: MT “respected the difficult text, but reversed its meaning through the accentual pattern it superimposed, whereas the latter tried to make sense of the text through reversing its word order, and changing the verb to the plural”. Otherwise BHQ adheres to the common interpretation that sg of the verb implies here “His sons”, people of Israel, as its subject. This awkwardness of the verse could be disposed with the Lord treated as its subject. Whatever original accentuation might be, the only definite evidence is that of MT, obviously intended to provide a certain meaning. To be translated as it is, combined with my proposal, Deut 32:5 should be put this way: He messed up (against) Himself ?! No! His sons — their fault! (or, if it is an enclitic m then: His sons — this is the blemish!) The improbability of God’s making a mistake caused interpreters to shift the focus on the people and their entire responsibility.
 
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